Extinction Shift Principle©

since April 15, 2001 on the web


This Work Successfully Led To
Significant Findings on Gravitational Lensing
Astrophysical Evidence Clearly Shows
A Direct Interaction between Gravitation and Electromagnetism
Occurs Nowhere in Plasma-Free Vacuum Space

Updated: September 5, 2018

A pure Classical Physics look at Electromagnetism and Gravitation


For nearly a century now, there has been absolutely no concrete,  pure classical treatment to the physics problems pertaining to significant fractions of the velocity of light.  Until now, no alternative methods had been presented that use pure classical approaches which are explainable with simple, intuitive measures without having to resort to the usual framework of Special and General Relativity.

There is now a simple, profound and completely overlooked classical alternative to the Special and General Relativity principles.  It is the correct alternative that uses only the electrodynamics of Galilean transformations in Euclidean Space Geometry alone according to the principal axioms of the Extinction Shift Principle; a pure Classical Physics discipline coined and developed by this author.

Emission and Re-emission done correctly

above equations derived using step-by-step clear classical approaches only

solutions to both

Gravitation & Electromagnetism

under principal axioms of the

 Extinction Shift Principle© 

first published in this book now available in

eBook for Kimble, Nook and Create Space



This book is the very tip-off that led to the

Significant Findings on Gravitational Lensing

first published in the 1991 and 2001 editions.


Contents of the Book
Book Reviews
How to get Books
About the Author





To all who believe in the teaching of the truth

and are interested in science based on facts

and supported by observational evidence.


Extinction Shift Principle©

the details

the very tip-off that led to the

Significant Findings on Gravitational Lensing

Gravitational deflection of light in solar plasma atmosphere derived from pure classical assumptions of minimum energy path of light exposed to gravitational gradient field of sun.


for details click here or above

Microwaves Found to Deflect only at Minimum Impact Parameter when Propagated in the Plasma Limb of the Sun


Finding Clearly Supported by Astrophysical Evidence

The Prediction of General Relativity and the Observations Alternately
A direct interaction between
Gravitation and Electromagnetism
occurs nowhere in plasma-free vacuum space






Microwaves from extragalactic radio sources deflect only at the impact parameter


corresponding to the plasma limb of the sun where R is the radius of the analytic Gaussian sphere that encloses the solar mass M.  The deflection is found to be precisely at the angle of exactly 1.752 arcsec. Deflections of microwaves at higher impact parameters > R and at angles < 1.752 arcsec are not observed.



Illustrated: Stellar Plasma Limb Focusing of Starlight Rays from Left to Right


Starlight deflected by any sun-like star with solar mass Msun and solar radius Rsun will come to a focus at 560 astronomical units (AU's). Arbitrary stars with stellar mass M and stellar radius R will have a plasma focal length of [(R/Rsun)(Msun/M)]x560 AU's. Hence, a more dens star with a solar radius Rsun will have a shorter plasma focal length < 560 AU's. A less dens star with a solar radius Rsun will have a longer plasma focal length > 560 AU's. 

Rays of starlight will come to a focus at 560 AU's from the sun. We shall refer to this distance as the Solar Plasma Focal Length.


Solar Plasma Focal Length

The Plasma Focal Length of Stars the same Radius as the Sun
As Function of Density
Illustrated from 2.0 Solar Masses, to 1.0 Solar Masses, to 0.5 Solar Masses



Burning Question:  Where are the Einstein Rings?

Light rays from any sun-like star of solar mass Msun and solar radius Rsun will come to a focus at a distance of 560 astronomical units, assuming a gravitational deflection at the angle of 1.752 arcsec.

The image of a low impact parameter Einstein Ring would be visible to any observer located near, but not beyond the Plasma Focal Length of a sun-like star, as illustrated above. For this very reason the gravitational lensing of a stellar plasma-limb lensing system would not be visible to observers at astronomical distances from the stellar plasma lens. Plasma Limb Focusing can be observed only by placing a remote sensing system in deep space near the Plasma Focal Length of the Sun or a Star.
The gravitational deflection of light apparently does not take place anywhere in plasma-free vacuum space. As supported observational evidence, Einstein Rings are not seen anywhere in the star-filled skies; a direct violation of the light bending rules of General Relativity.





the Academia, the Literature and the Referees
are getting completely WRONG 

To learn "Why?" click below.

The Abbreviated Details


Microwaves Found to Deflect only at Minimum Impact Parameter when Propagated in the Plasma Limb of the Sun

On the Significant Findings

The Observations The Fundamentals The Flawed Teaching

Misrepresentation of Correct Fundamentals + Misinterpretation of Observations

All of which leads too easily to the Acceptance of False Alarms




Significant Findings


Gravitational Lensing



An International Journal of Astronomy

Astronomical Notes

Astronomische Nachrichten

The Journal Astronomical Notes has failed and insulted the intelligence its readership by it's choice of an incompetent Referee to review a subject matter about which he hasn't the foggiest clue. Here is the paper Titled: "The Solar Plasma Limb is found to deflect Microwaves from Extra Galactic Radio Sources at Lowest Impact Parameter Corresponding to the Solar Plasma Limb" for you own review.

CLICK for PDF file PaperSubmittedToAstronomischeNachrichten



I, the Author, submitted to the Journal Astronomical Notes contact information on Four (4) renown experts on the subject matter of the published paper. I submitted E-Mail addresses and phone numbers to the Journal at their request. The Journal shamefully did not contact any of these experts.

You may read this Referee's report for yourselves. The Journal didn't even have the courtesy to give me the name of this chosen Referee.

The Referee chooses to use Microlensing and the subject matter dealing with the so-called OGLE teamOGLE designated to mean "Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment" It is to be noted that OGLE has to due with:

  • the optical lensing of Starlight, not Microwaves which is Totally unrelated to the subject matter of my paper.
  • My paper focuses primarily on the Minimum-Energy or the Least-Time path of Microwaves Propagated in the Plasma Limb of the Sun and Sun-like stars. All observations and Experiments to date have reported that Microwaves deflect only at the plasma limb of the Sun and most importantly at the Lowest or the Least Impact Parameter.
  • Microwaves are recorded to deflect only at 1.752 arsec, never at angles less than that or at Higher Impact Parameters. The 1/R Newton Potential has absolutely nothing to due with the effects described in my paper. The Impact Parameter is predicted by the Light Bending Rule of Relativity to be proportional to 1/R where R is the radius of the Analytical Gaussian Spheres inclosing the Solar Mass.


Referee report

1. It does not contain new results. The Author uses a very well known light bending formula in the weak limit to evaluate the bending at different distances from the gravity center (different impact parameter). The Author illustrates these trivialities in Figures and in a Table

2. Author's divagations on the physical nature of the bending is all wrong - the bending is NOT due to the 1/R Newton potential (as he claims) but due to the curvature of spacetime.

3. Let "d" be the shortest distance of a light ray from a (spherical) mass and "R" the radius of the mass. The Author claims that the bending was observed only for d/R=1. This is not true. In the case of the Sun, the bending was observed at d/R=3 during several total eclipses. In the case of bending (microlensing) observed e.g. by the OGLE team, bending at d/R=800 is typically observed.

The paper should thus should be rejected.


These are the Chosen Referee's own words.


Videos, Articles, Lectures

Sky Scholar - July 31, 2018
Burning Question
Where Are The Einstein Ring?
Epoch Times (German) 19 Juni 2014
Ehemaliger NASA-Physiker ficht Einsteins Relativitätstheorie an
TOPIC : Solar Gravitation and Solar Plasma Wave Propagation Interaction
Thunderbolt Project EU2014 https://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2014/06/06/dr-ed-dowdye-solar-gravitation-and-solar-plasma-wave-propagation-on-interaction-eu2014/
Electric Universe EU2012 http://extinctionshift.com/TheFailedAttemptstoDetectMacroLensing.htm
Universität Karlsruhe 5.12.2003 http://extinctionshift.com/Karlsruhe2003VIDEO.htm

Eigeladen von Team Universal-Prinzip (in German)



Dr. Albert Einstein's own words: 

"Wenn die Lichtgeschwindigkeit auch nur ein bißchen von der Geschwindigkeit der Lichtquelle abhängig ist, dann ist meine ganze Relativitätstheorie und Gravitationstheorie falsch." {Zitat A. Einsteins von einem Brief an Erwin Finley-Freundlich: August 1913}

"If the velocity of light is only a tiny bit dependent on the velocity of the light source, then my whole theory of Relativity and Gravitation is false." {Quotation of A. Einstein from a letter to Erwin Finley-Freundlich: August 1913}.



A Denial of the teaching of the Alternative is a

Shortchanging of the new Pupil of Science

"The physical science student is too often taught to be part of a closed society of non-intuitive thinking. Fortunately, the innocent, bright young open-minded student possesses an immunity to coercive teaching."

"The referees and the editorial staff of mainstream publishers are apparently hired to protect an in-house review system."



Frequently Asked Questions


 Auf Deutsch zusammengefaßt

The Challenge



A Collaborative Exchange Site on Quantum Realism and Special Reference Frames



To Review Posted Topics of Interest Click Above

"An Accelerating Universe?"
Truth: Finally Explained
Topic #02



Refereed Papers

"Time resolved images from the center of the Galaxy appear to counter General Relativity", Dowdye, Jr., E.H.,  Astronomische Nachrichten, Volume 328, Issue 2, Date: February 2007, Pages: 186-191.  Published on-line at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/search/allsearch Search under author: Dowdye

"Extinction Shift Principle: A Pure Classical Alternative to General and Special Relativity", Dowdye, Jr., E.H.,  Physics Essays, Volume 20, 56 (2007) (11 pages); DOI: 10.4006/1.3073809

A German version "Löschverschiebungsprinzip; eine rein klassische Alternative zu der Allgemeinen und Speziellen Relativitätstheorie" is soon to appear in a European journal.


Discourses & Mathematical Illustrations pertaining to the Extinction Shift Principle

under the Electrodynamics of Galilean Transformations

Purchasers of the book will receive FREE copies of refereed publications from the publisher

Other Refereed Publications and Papers (from the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System)

For Other Refereed Publications and Paper (Click Here)

SPIE Proceedings

"The photon and its measurability", Proceedings of SPIE Digital Library The Nature of Light: What is a Photon? Volume: 5866 Downloadable Paper, pp. 119-134., Jul 25, 2008 http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/volume.aspx?volumeid=3049 

"Astrophysical evidence shows no direct interaction between gravitation and electromagnetism in empty vacuum space", Proceedings of SPIE Digital Library The Nature of Light: What are Photons? III, Volume: 7421 Downloadable Paper, (10 pages), 10 September 2009, To Download CLICK on the LINK and then peruse under topic "Paradigms and Models": http://spie.org/x648.html?product_id=824116 

"Gauss's Law for gravity and observational evidence reveal no solar lensing in empty vacuum space", Proceedings of SPIE Digital Library The Nature of Light: What are Photons? IV, Volume: 8121 Downloadable Paper, (10 pages), 28 September 2011 http://spie.org/x648.html?product_id=884051


A Global Press Release

Global Press Release on the Significant Findings at the Solar Plasma Limb

A Minimum-Energy Path Calculation confirms predicted Plasma Focal Length 

A FIRST IN PHYSICS - The Reason Why Einstein Rings 

Are NOT Observed In The Star-Filled Skies



Press Releases


http://Findings Reveal No Light Bending in Empty Vacuum Space  ID=185702 13 Dec 2010

http://www.openpr.de/news/264739/ Deutsch 03 Dec 2008

http://www.openpr.de/news/164716/ Deutsch 17 Oct 2007

Für Weiteres über die Löschverschiebungsprinzip, Alternative zum Dopplerprinzip, neue formulierte Emissionstheorie und Alternative zum Relativitätsprinzip: [Details] drücken 

The contents of this website is COPYRIGHTED © 2006 by the author Dr. Edward Henry Dowdye, Jr.