FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions {FAQ} from the Community of Physical Science
since the 1991 edition of the book, lectures, seminars and the 15 April 2001 creation of this web-site
on the
Extinction Shift Principle
To all who believe in the teaching of the truth
and are interested in science based on facts
and supported by observational evidence.
QUESTIONS i
Relativity is such a beautiful theory. It is esthetic. Much has been predicted out of it. Why look at any other theory?
What's wrong with Relativity? Why should you want to replace it?
Relativity has been well accepted. Why should I be interested in any alternatives?
Don't the experiments prove Relativity?
Why don't you like Relativity?
Don't the experiments show that the velocity of light is constant in all frames of reference? Does the Maxwell's Equations require a constancy of the velocity of light? (Here, the word constancy does not refer to the constant c itself. See the next pages for details.)
ANSWERS i
The true velocity of any primary wave or photon would require a direct measurement on at least two different positions (x_{1} and x_{2}) at the corresponding times (t_{1} and t_{2}) without causing extinction of the original primary wave.
There is absolutely no possibility of a multiple measurement on a single primary wave or on a single primary photon within current technical means.
The Willem de Sitter's double star argument is easily refuted due to the countless findings in Astrophysics and Astronomy pertaining to the interstellar and intergalactic media. It is clearly seen that the primary emissions from the direct sources of emissions stand a ghost of a chance reaching the Earth based observers, as the primary emissions are immediately extinguished by the predominant unseen matter, the gases and "secondary sources" of the interstellar and intergalactic media.
QUESTIONS ii
Why can't we use Lorentz Transformations?
Why is it necessary to use Galilean Transformation?
What about Willem de Sitter's rotating star or double star problem? Doesn't that show that the velocity of light is constant in all frames of reference?
Do you have an alternative to the Relativistic Addition of Velocities?
ANSWERS ii
The Lorentz Transformations require the assumptions of the modification of the Geometry of the Euclidean Space. The universal time is not an assumption here, as the dilation of the time is required to complete the mathematical rigor of the space-time first introduced by Henri Poincaré in 1905.
The Extinction Shift Principle is an emission theory derived from the fundamentals of the linear Galilean Transformations of Velocities of rectilinearly moving photons and gravitons in Euclidean Space. There is absolutely no need to distort the space or abandon Euclidean Space. Also, there is absolutely no need at all to dilate the time or to even consider any time modifications at the convenience of a material world observer, such as all of us. Time is universal in my theory. {See details on transverse relative time and the book for more details.}
There is already enormous evidence that interstellar space, as well as intergalactic space is filled with non-emitting, forward scattering matter, i.e., a significant portion of the unseen matter of the universe. It is readily seen that the emitted photons from stellar systems have to be immediately re-emitted by this interstellar scattering medium, thereby extinguishing the primary photons, denying any attempt to observe any effect of a velocity differential. This modern observation directly counters the argument of Willem de Sitter, that he put forth in year 1913, based solely on the observations of double star systems. The evidence for the presence of interstellar refracting matter is seen in the high energy X-Ray sources, surrounded by this refracting matter. This is very evident from the scattering (re-emissions) of the intense X-ray sources. See topic # 05 on the evidence for intergalactic and interstellar secondary sources of emission (dark matter). The observed, highly intense scattered re-emission is in itself solid evidence for refracting interstellar media!
This technique of Galilean Transformations of Velocities is in fact the alternative that works for both gravitation and electromagnetism. {See details under subtopic Galilean Transformations. The details addresses the lack of instructions on Galilean Transformations of Velocities in academia.}
There can be no possibility of Lorentz Transformations in the framework of Euclidean Space Geometry.
Likewise, there can be no Galilean Transformations of Velocities outside of the framework of Euclidean Space Geometry either; a fundamental principle of rectilinear motion of the photon and the graviton, not taught in the modern classrooms of Physics.
A direct observation on neither the wavelength nor the velocity of the primary "undisturbed" wave or photon is possible within current technical means and methods. The primary is denied all direct observations. This is a direct consequence of emissions and re-emissions under Galilean Transformations. {See web-site and book for greater details}.
There can be no bending of the rules on this very fundamental principle.
The newcomers to the emission theory must be reminded that one must put aside ALL, not just a few, of the old habits such as the distortion of space and time, the warping of the space, the ideas of space-time, the dilations of the time and the unnecessary requirements of the constancy of the velocity of light and return to the framework of Euclidean Space Geometry, essentially where we were before Poincaré, before Einstein, before the year 1913 of our Lord.
QUESTIONS iii
What makes your theory simpler, more acceptable than Relativity?
Does your theory explain both General and Special Relativity?
If your theory gets the very same bottom line results, the same equations and the mathematical equivalence of Relativity, then what are the benefits of using your Extinction Shift Principle?
What evidence do you have that suggests your theory is the correct alternative?
ANSWERS iii
The Extinction Shift Principle correctly predicts the outcome of the past century of all the important experiments in optics designed to test the constancy of the velocity of light, such as the famed Albert Michelson and Edward Morley Interferometer Experiment of 1887. The experimental outcome of this experiment, the Michelson-Gale experiment of 1925 that forced General Relativity to explain the results, the Babcock and Bergman experiment published in 1964, the Petr Beckmann and Mandics experiment published in 1965, to include the many observations in natures laboratories of astrophysics, namely, those of the planetary physics and the binary neutron pulsar stars are all explained using this pure classical approach. The results are obtained without having to apply the complex, but cumbersome principles of Relativity which serves as a correction to the incorrect classical principles. The Extinction Shift Principle requires absolutely no corrections at all as it is based on pure classical principles using the correctly applied Galilean Transformations of Velocities only. I have published the details on these optical experiments along with some other significant experiments in my book, illustrating direct applications of the Extinction Shift Principle.
There is only one Extinction Shift Principle. One theory. A single set of Principal Axioms apply the very same rules of the Galilean transformations of velocities to both gravitation and electromagnetism in Euclidean space without having to distort space and time. {See details on the Principal Axioms}. This is a first in pure Classical Physics to my knowledge and from very extensive research in this area.
The benefits are unbounded, as the progress in Physical science depends heavily on the New Science without the academic censoring and the blocking of that which may deviate from the mainstream. I have always stated that if a correct theory were suppressed, this would have the undesirable consequence of slowing down scientific progress and discouraging the new paradigms in science.
There is much observational and experimental evidence for the correctness of Extinction Shift Principle which uses solely Galilean Transformations and which suggests that the velocity of light is indeed dependent on the velocity of the source. This is counter to Relativity. {See the details and posted topics on this web-site.} It is important to note that: The basic assumption of this emission theory is that the velocities of ALL waves are exactly c relative to their most primary sources only; not constant in all frames of reference. As a direct consequence of Galilean transformations of velocities and the Principal Axioms of the Extinction Shift Principle, any emitted undisturbed wave will have a velocity c relative to its most primary source only. A secondary wave will also have a velocity c relative to its secondary source only, i.e., the point of interference of the primary wave. Thus, the undisturbed re-emitted wave will always have the velocity c' = c+v in a different frame of reference other than that of its primary source, which moves with velocity v relative to that frame of reference. The velocities are not constant in all frames of reference. Again, a fatal mistake of the mainstream is the assumption that the Maxwell's Equations require a constant in the velocity of light in all frames of reference.
From
Einstein's own words: "Wenn die Lichtgeschwindigkeit auch
nur ein bißchen von der Geschwindigkeit der Lichtquelle abhängig ist, dann
ist meine ganze Relativitätstheorie und Gravitationstheorie falsch."
{August 1913} "If the
velocity of light is only a tiny bit dependent on the velocity of the
source, then my whole theory of Relativity and Gravitation is false."
- No one, who has dared to challenge current orthodox thinking as I have, has any greater admiration and respect for the great works of Dr. Albert Einstein than I have. I truly believe, that if Einstein were here today and had the many advantages of today's modern technical means at his disposal, he would certainly disprove his own Theory of Relativity.